How to Become Civil Rights Lawyer

Title: How to Become a Civil Rights Lawyer: Fighting for Justice and Equality


Civil rights lawyers play a crucial role in ensuring justice, equality, and protection of individual liberties for all members of society. These legal professionals advocate for marginalized communities, fight against discrimination, and work towards creating a fair and inclusive society. If you are passionate about upholding civil rights and want to pursue a career as a civil rights lawyer, this article aims to guide you through the necessary steps to achieve your goal.

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

To embark on a career as a civil rights lawyer, you must first complete a bachelor’s degree in any field. While there is no specific major required, it is advisable to choose a discipline that develops critical thinking, research, and communication skills. Subjects like political science, sociology, history, or pre-law programs can provide a solid foundation for your legal education.

Step 2: Obtain a Juris Doctor (J.D.) Degree

After completing your undergraduate studies, the next step is to pursue a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from an accredited law school. Admission to law school typically requires a competitive Law School Admission Test (LSAT) score, undergraduate transcripts, letters of recommendation, and a personal statement. During law school, focus on courses related to civil rights, constitutional law, human rights, and legal clinics that offer practical experience.

Step 3: Gain Practical Experience

While in law school, it is crucial to gain practical experience through internships, externships, or clerkships in law firms, government agencies, or nonprofit organizations specializing in civil rights. This hands-on experience will provide invaluable insights into the practical application of civil rights law, help you build a network, and enhance your resume.

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Step 4: Pass the Bar Exam

After completing law school, you must pass the bar exam in the state where you intend to practice law. Each state has its own bar exam, which typically consists of a written test and a professional responsibility exam. Passing the bar exam is a mandatory requirement to obtain a license to practice law.

Step 5: Pursue Specialization in Civil Rights Law

While not mandatory, specializing in civil rights law can significantly enhance your expertise and marketability as a civil rights lawyer. Pursuing a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree in civil rights law, attending specialized workshops, or obtaining certifications in specific areas of civil rights law can help you stand out among your peers and offer specialized services to your clients.

Step 6: Gain Work Experience

To build a successful career as a civil rights lawyer, gaining work experience is vital. Seek employment opportunities in law firms, nonprofit organizations, government agencies, or civil rights advocacy groups. This experience will allow you to handle civil rights cases, understand the legal landscape, and develop essential skills in negotiation, research, and litigation.

Step 7: Develop a Strong Professional Network

Building a strong professional network is crucial for career advancement. Attend legal conferences, seminars, and workshops related to civil rights law to connect with like-minded individuals, potential mentors, and potential clients. Join professional organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) or the National Lawyers Guild to stay updated on current civil rights issues and expand your network.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

1. What skills are essential for a civil rights lawyer?
Civil rights lawyers should possess strong research and analytical skills, excellent oral and written communication, empathy, a commitment to justice, and an unwavering dedication to protecting civil rights.

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2. Can I work as a civil rights lawyer in the private sector?
Yes, civil rights lawyers can work in private law firms specializing in civil rights litigation or as solo practitioners. They may also work for nonprofit organizations, government agencies, or become law professors.

3. How long does it take to become a civil rights lawyer?
Becoming a civil rights lawyer typically takes around seven years: four years for a bachelor’s degree, three years in law school, and passing the bar exam.

4. Are internships necessary to become a civil rights lawyer?
While not mandatory, internships provide valuable practical experience and networking opportunities, making them highly recommended for aspiring civil rights lawyers.

5. What are some civil rights issues lawyers often work on?
Civil rights lawyers may work on cases involving racial discrimination, gender equality, LGBTQ+ rights, disability rights, voting rights, and freedom of speech and religion, among others.

6. Are civil rights lawyers well-compensated?
Salaries for civil rights lawyers vary depending on factors such as experience, location, and employer. While some positions may offer relatively lower salaries, others can be highly rewarding both financially and morally.

7. How can I stay updated on civil rights laws and issues?
To stay updated, civil rights lawyers must engage in continuous education by attending legal conferences, subscribing to legal journals, joining professional organizations, and participating in relevant workshops and webinars.


Becoming a civil rights lawyer is a noble pursuit that demands a strong commitment and dedication to fighting for justice and equality. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can lay the foundation for a successful career in civil rights law. Remember, the path to becoming a civil rights lawyer may be challenging, but the reward of making a positive impact on society is immeasurable.