What Is the Hottest Pepper in the World Called

What Is the Hottest Pepper in the World Called?

If you are a fan of spicy food, you have probably heard about the hottest pepper in the world. These fiery peppers have gained immense popularity among chili lovers and are sought after for their extreme heat. But what exactly is the hottest pepper in the world called, and what makes it so hot? Let’s dive into the fascinating world of super-hot peppers and find out.

The hottest pepper in the world is called the Carolina Reaper. Developed by Ed Currie, a chili pepper farmer and founder of PuckerButt Pepper Company, the Carolina Reaper was officially recognized as the world’s hottest pepper by the Guinness World Records in 2013. Its average Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) rating is a staggering 1.6 million, but it can reach up to 2.2 million SHU, making it several hundred times hotter than a jalapeno pepper.

The Carolina Reaper is a crossbreed between a red habanero and a ghost pepper. It has a distinct wrinkled and bumpy appearance, with a vibrant red color. The pepper’s intense heat comes from its high concentration of capsaicin, the compound responsible for the sensation of spiciness. Consuming this pepper can deliver an intense burning sensation that can be both thrilling and painful for those brave enough to try it.


1. How does the Carolina Reaper compare to other hot peppers?

The Carolina Reaper surpasses other hot peppers in terms of heat. It is significantly hotter than the Ghost Pepper, which was the previous record holder. It is important to note that the heat of a pepper can vary depending on growing conditions and the particular pepper’s individual characteristics.

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2. How should the Carolina Reaper be consumed?

Due to its extreme heat, the Carolina Reaper should be consumed with caution. It is commonly used in small quantities to add a powerful kick to sauces, marinades, and even chocolate. It is important to handle the pepper with gloves and avoid touching sensitive areas, such as the eyes or face, after handling it.

3. What are the potential health benefits of consuming the Carolina Reaper?

While the Carolina Reaper is primarily sought after for its heat, capsaicin, the compound responsible for the pepper’s spiciness, has been associated with several health benefits. It may help reduce inflammation, boost metabolism, and relieve pain. However, consuming the Carolina Reaper in large quantities is not recommended, as it can cause severe discomfort and even health issues for some individuals.

4. Are there any risks associated with consuming the Carolina Reaper?

Yes, consuming the Carolina Reaper can pose risks, particularly for individuals with pre-existing medical conditions such as heart problems or gastrointestinal issues. It is important to start with small amounts and gradually increase consumption if desired. It is also advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating extremely hot peppers into your diet.

5. Can the Carolina Reaper be grown at home?

Yes, the Carolina Reaper can be grown at home, provided you have the right growing conditions. It requires warm temperatures, plenty of sunlight, and well-drained soil. However, it is worth noting that the Carolina Reaper is a challenging pepper to grow, and it requires careful attention to detail. Many people opt to purchase Carolina Reaper products from specialized vendors instead.

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6. Is the Carolina Reaper the only incredibly hot pepper available?

No, there are several other peppers that rival the Carolina Reaper in terms of heat. Some notable examples include the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, 7 Pot Douglah, and the Naga Viper. These peppers all have high SHU ratings and are known for their intense heat.

7. Can the heat of the Carolina Reaper be reduced?

Yes, there are ways to reduce the heat of the Carolina Reaper. Removing the seeds and membranes, which contain most of the capsaicin, can significantly reduce the pepper’s heat. Additionally, mixing the pepper with other ingredients, such as dairy products or sugar, can help mitigate the spiciness. However, it is important to note that even with these modifications, the Carolina Reaper will still be considerably hotter than most other peppers.

In conclusion, the Carolina Reaper holds the title for the world’s hottest pepper. Its extreme heat, reaching up to 2.2 million SHU, has made it a popular choice among chili enthusiasts. While consuming this pepper can be a thrilling experience, it is essential to exercise caution and start with small quantities. The Carolina Reaper, along with other super-hot peppers, adds an exciting element to the world of spicy food.